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Viva Voce Examinations

Spoken Exams

Viva voce examinations are conducted on the same format as tutorial discussions: written work is submitted in advance, and a discussion follows. For the viva voce examination, the submitted work is marked, and the mark is recorded prior to the oral examination.

The oral examination provides students an opportunity to clarify and explain their written claims, and it also tests whether the work is a product of the student’s own research or has been plagiarised.

The viva voce examination acts to shift the recorded mark on the submitted essay according to the Woolf Marking Criteria.

British Doctoral Examination (University of Nottingham)

Continental Doctoral Examination (University of Amsterdam)